explain Evolution of Individualism with briefly


Meaning of Individualism
What is Individualism


Individualism is an ideology related to the scope of the nation’s work, which stems from economic liberalism. The other name for the individual is ‘Laissez-faire’. It is a French phrase meaning “Let or leave alone.” Individualism developed as a social and political theory in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Adam Smith, a British political economist, was the first to propagate individualism as a theory. Adam Smith presented economic arguments in favor of individualism, while John Stuart Mill presented moral arguments and Herb Spencer scientifically or biologically argued.

Evolution of Individualism : 

Evolution of individualism can be done through its pros and cons. They are given below in the context of the justification of the individualism and his critique.
2. The following are justifications for individualism arguments or arguments that can be presented in the context of individualism.

(A) Moral justification:

The individual is the best judge of his or her talents, qualifications, abilities, abilities and interests. She also has her own preferences and interests. So her personality needs to be left alone for full development. That is why he needs to be given maximum freedom and a completely free environment. The state should not interfere in the affairs of the individualism. Because the intervention of the state is only to suppress the efforts, interests and aspirations of the individual. So from a moral point of view, individualism seems to be justified or justified.

 (b) Economic justification:Individualism

It is associated with economic liberalism. This means that in the economic sphere, it believes in the application of ‘free policy’. The state should not interfere in economic affairs at all. In this case, the individual must be given full freedom. In an open economy, the country’s uncontrolled free market, free competition, 4 market expansion, labor division, etc. not only maximize production in terms of quantity, but also increase the quality of production. There are so many types it’s hard to say. This increases the transparency of both individuals and society; Poverty, hunger, and unemployment also disappear. The desire to grow profits, personal and private wealth, encourages a person to work harder and harder. Her self-reliance also increases. As a result, industry, commerce, business and, above all, civilization are widespread. Individualism therefore have economic justification.

(C) Scientific justification:

Under the evolutionary theory of Charles Darwin, Herb Spencer has used the biological law of natural motion for the sake of individualism. According to the laws of nature, there is always a “struggle for status” between animals, which ultimately determines “the most deserving of survival.” In the same way, only those who are talented, qualified, strong and hard-working will win the competition and stand firm, and the weak, the lazy, the incompetent and the incompetent will automatically disappear. This is scientifically justified.

(D) Practical justification:

Practical or practical experience shows that the private sector is more efficient, efficient and profitable than the public sector. Although the state has a wide range of programs, it is often unable to do so due to Nalifabad or bureaucratic delays, corruption, and corruption. It is common for nations to suffer losses in industry and commerce. Government employees do not have a professional attitude. Their professional benefits do not make much difference to the benefits of government. There is less incentive for honest, hardworking and creative employees than others. Therefore, personal and private success and excellence are higher than those of national enterprises. It demonstrates the practical validity of the individualism.